The suit marked, FHC/ABJ/CS/356/2019, was filed last Friday and come up for hearing on 10/5/19. The Attorney-General of the Federation (AGF) is listed as the sole defendant in the suit.
Falana wants the Federal Government, through the AGF, to justify why victims of human rights violations and relatives of Nigerian citizens killed in other African countries cannot challenge such violations and demand compensation in the African Court.
The lawyer averred that Nigeria is among the African nations whose citizens cannot access the court because their countries have yet to make the needed declaration accepting the continental court’s competence.
He is seeking three reliefs, as follows:
“A declaration that the failure or refusal of the Federal Government to make a declaration accepting the competence of the African Court on Human and Peoples Rights is illegal as it violates Section 1 of the African Charter on Human and Peoples Rights Act (Cap A9) Laws of the Federation of Nigeria 2004.
“An order directing the Federal Government to make a declaration accepting the competence of the African Charter on Human and Peoples Rights forthwith.”
Nigeria, which currently has a representative on the bench of the African court, is among the 30 member states of the African Union that have ratified the protocol establishing the court, which is based in Arusha, Tanzania.
But Article 34(6) of the Protocol for the establishment of the African Court on Human and Peoples Rights requires every member of the African Union to make a declaration accepting the competence of the African Court to receive cases from Non-Governmental Organisations and individuals in the countries.
Only nine member states, namely, Algeria, Benin, Burkina Faso, Cote D’voire, Ghana, Gambia, Mali, Malawi, and Tanzania, have made the declaration recognising the competence of the court.